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Once the allies had set up a foothold in France and Spain, other allied forces in Italy were reassigned to attack southern France in what was known as Operation Dragoon. This operation was designed to be executed in conjunction with Operation Overlord but due to the lack of supplies and the necessities needed for the invasion (most of which were reserved for Operation Overlord and Operation Titan [invasion of Spain]) it was postponed until reconsidered in mid June, as a result it was approved in July to take place in August.
The goal was the secure crucial ports in the French Mediterranean coast to up the pressure on the occupying Germans. The Americans British Columbians and French were all involved in the invasion along with the uprising of the Free French Forces in Germany. This combined with the fact that the allies had achieved total air supremacy over Europe led to the swift end of Germany’s occupation of France.
Once the landings had begun the Allied forces landed virtually unopposed. The British had always opposed the landings and regarded it as a diversion, but the United States had regarded it as a central part of clearing the Germans out of France. The Americans, and Columbians were greeted by an ecstatic civilian population. They together with their French allies were soon advancing rapidly Rhone Valley to liberate the French town of Lyons, and ten days later they reached Dijon linking up with General Patton’s third army. German units fled the area.
In barely three weeks of headlong advance, the allied invasion of Europe had liberated most of France, and had by now led Paris, where the free French forces began to rise up against their German occupiers. Spain
Meanwhile in Spain, the Columbian-led allied forces were swiftly advancing through the terrain, taking town after town and fighting against a beleaguered and by now morally drained Spanish army. Though Spain with the help of Germany and Italy had made advances in its military, the allied were by 1944 more prepared and ready for war than their axis counterparts. Though there was one town in Spain where the Spanish put up a huge fight, the Spanish town of Salamanca.
In conjunction with the Columbian-led allied forces landing in the northern part of Spain, another Columbian-led force was landing in Spanish occupied Portugal in the town of Porto, roughly a few hundred miles north of Portugal’s capital city Lisbon. The Spanish town of Salamanca was the only town that would link up the north and west allied forces so both the Allies and the Axis knew that Salamanca was a strategically important town to take.
However, the Spanish put up a big fight despite being outnumbered and outgunned, and despite the fact that the Allies had total air superiority over the skies. There were over 30,000 Spanish men in that town that had fended off the Allied forces with orders to fight to the death from Francisco Franco. It took the allies over a period of two weeks to finally take the town. Over 5000 allied troops were killed and over 15000 Spanish troops had perished. The town was taken linking the North and Western forces together, but the defeat of the Spanish in Salamanca meant that the Spanish capital city of Madrid was left wide open for coming allied invasion.
But by now the people have had enough of Francisco Franco, they began to rise up against him and throw him out of office. The same thing that had happened to Benito Mussolini was now happening in Spain. The allied forces were by the last few days of July and at the start of August. Franco had attempted to flee but he was captured and taken into custody. Then on August 19. 1945 Spain finally surrendered. A lot of the Spanish welcomed the allied forces, but some of them still had critical thoughts towards their conquers. It wasn’t until the Marshall Plan when they finally began to have a more positive mood towards them. Liberation of Paris and March Towards Germany
For Hitler the fall of Spain was another monumental disaster, he had lost two of his closest allies in the fight, and in Europe the final phase of the war was about to play out. The allied forces were squeezing in on Germany through France, the Soviet Union was approaching from the east. Now he is caught in the middle and he made a last desperate attempt to break out of the allied strangle hold.
While he was doing so, Stalin had by now began to re-draw the political map of Europe, in a attempt to secure the Soviet Union's future, but as the Russians began to advance and acquire territory they came across some of the shocking and brutal discoveries in modern history, that will come to question the very nature of humanity. The world was about to discover the true horror of the Nazi regime.
But first, in August of 1944 allied troops were arriving in Paris. Even as Hitler desperately signaled his generals “is paris burning?” the German troops were overwhelmed and had finally surrendered to the approaching allied forces. The Americans were the first in Paris. As everyone else arrived, Paris threw itself into an Orgey of celebration. Many of the western troops were greeted with open arms by the Parisians, men were kissed by women. The following day the leader of the french free forces Charles De Gaulle arrived in the city and claimed the glory for the city’s liberation.
Meanwhile whilst he was taking the credit, the allied forces continued the fighting. After Spain’s capitulation, Columbian led allied forces immediately began mobilizing into France and joined with the rest of the Allied forces to head into Germany, and the German forces retreated in confusion. But the allies were running into a logistical problems, as the Germans were fleeing, they trashed the French ports, which meant that the supplies being shipped in from britain would have to unload in the beaches of Normandy and then travelled several hundred miles to their essential destination, truck convoys would roll on day and night towards the front. But it was becoming increasingly impossible to bring in enough supplies particularly fuel, to maintain the allied advance. The allied advance slowed, and Hitler took the opportunity to strike back at allied morale by targeting civilian areas, mostly Britain. He decided to unveil the new German miracle weapon. Vengeance Weapon 1, or the V-1 flying bomb, what would later evolve into the future Cruise Missile.
The V-1 flying bombs rained death and destruction on the British civilian cities. Their loud buzzing would cause panic and confusion amongst the civilian population. Up to a hundred V1s a day would be launched towards British cities. In response, the allies set up an umbrella of anti aircraft guns to shoot down the oncoming bombs. The RAF would later intercept the bombs with Britain’s very first operational Jet Fighter; The Gloster Meteor. But still the V1s kept arriving, only when the allies tracked down their launch sites in Northern France did they stop. But the reprieve was only temporary, for the Germans had a second weapon up their sleeves. The V2 rocket. On september 8th 1944 the first V2 hit london. They were launched from greatly concealed launch sites some 200 miles away, and for 6 months the British had no response, over 1100 V2s were launched at British cities. Again only when the allies pushed them back far enough until they were out of range did they stop. Yet despite the damage and horror the V2s caused, British Morale remained unbroken. The Warsaw Uprising
As the Russians were advancing forward towards Germany, the Polish Underground Resistance led by the Home Army decided to strike back against their German Occupiers. However it wasn’t to end as planned, and would be a keen example of Stalin’s cruelty and how Communism would play in the future Cold War to come.
The Uprising began on the First of August as part of a nationwide Operation Tempest launched at the time of the Soviet Luben-Brest offensive. Their goal is to push the Germans out of Warsaw and assist the allies in defeating the Nazis, but there was also a political part of it. Before the Uprising, Stalin was beginning to redraw the political map of Germany. He aimed to create a buffer zone between the Soviet Union and Germany, particularly the western allies to secure the future for the Soviet Union, this was in essence, a preparation for the future cold war. So the Polish Underground Resistance aimed to liberate themselves, and confront the Soviet Union with an independent Poland. The Red Army was sitting outside of Warsaw as the uprising took place, but they were ordered to halt and not intervene.
As the Uprising began to fall apart via stiff German counter attacks, the Red Army still did nothing. Stalin claimed that the red army needed to stock up on supplies and reinforcements, but in reality it was far more gruesome. The Polish Home Army was pro-western and hated the Russians, so Stalin decided to let the Germans obliterate them. Arthur Koestler called the Soviet attitude "one of the major infamies of this war which will rank for the future historian on the same ethical level with Lidice." The westerners Roosevelt, Churchill and Holloway were appalled by Stalin’s handling of the situation. Churchill decided to plead with the other three great leaders to help their allies, though Roosevelt and Stalin didn’t agree, Holloway went along with it. The British and Columbians, without soviet air clearance, sent over 600 low level supply drops by the RAF, CAF, South African Air Force, and Polish Air Force. The US Army Air Force later participated in this as well but none of the allies were granted the rights to land their bombers in Poland. After the uprising failed, Stalin moved in, his plan had worked, and Poland would become a key buffer zone in the cold war. Eastern Offensive
After the Soviets Launched “Operation Bagration,” an offensive in Belarus that almost completely destroyed the German army group center, they launched another offensive that forced the Germans from Western Ukraine and Eastern Poland, which resulted in the failed Warsaw Uprising. The Red Army also launched a strategic offensive in Romania called the Jassy-Kishinev Operation which took place from August 20 to 29th 1944. The fighting resulted in an encirclement and destruction of the German forces, which prompted the soviets to move on to Germany afterwards. This also triggered a successful Coup d'etat in Romania and Bulgaria and shifted their alignment to the allies side. Market Garden
Meanwhile in mainland Europe the allied advance reached Brussels on September the 3rd 1944, and the next day the British forces took the huge Belgium port of Antwerp, it was still intact, and here at last seemed an answer to the allies logistical problems. New supplies could pour in through the port, but it wasn’t to be simple. Antwerp was 40 miles from the sea up the river Scheldt. The Germans still occupied the northern part of the river, there they would dig in and shell any passing allied ship carrying supplies for the allied forces, the river was also mined, which meant the port was unreachable from the sea. The allied armed forces now desperately short on supply was in danger of grinding to a halt. It was now that Bernard Montgomery came up with a bold, even reckless idea.
His idea was, instead of advancing with a large number of troops through a wide front, why not use a smaller force to punch a single hole through the German defenses. It would be faster and much more economical. The idea was to drive a small force from the east side of Antwerp across southern Holland into the town of Arnhem, near the German border. From there the allies would be flanking the huge German Siegfried line and head deep into the heart of Germany. The allies hoped this would end the war in Europe by Christmas.
Montgomery’s boss General Eisenhower who had long favored a wide steady advance had agreed to Montgomery’s plan. The plan was dubbed Operation Market Garden, a British led operation consisting of British Americans and Columbian airborne forces and tank groups. First the airborne troops went in and captured the bridges, some with little resistance, some with more resistance whilst the tanks would then advance across these held bridges and head north. But as the Americans and Columbians head further north they encountered surprisingly heavy resistance. Meanwhile at Arnhem British airborne forces had dropped in and began moving to take the bridge, but they ran into two German panzer divisions. The British forces then sent in reinforcements of men and machines, but were cut to pieces by enemy fire below.
Market Garden was a disastrous failure, the allies had not expected such stiff resistance in Holland. The British paratroopers in Arnhem had surrendered, and the war on the western front seemed to have grounded to a standstill again.
Then Columbian forces began to siege the northern part of the river Scheldt, to clear a path for the ships towards Antwerp. It was made difficult for the Germans had flooded most of the area. It took the Columbian troops three weeks to clear out the river bank of German machine guns and artillery. But still they clung on to the strategically important Walcheren Island. Only when the Columbian special forces and British commandos were sent in to take island on November the 1st 1944 did they manage to clear the way for allied minesweepers to clear the sea of mines. Then three weeks later on November 28, the first allied supply ships reached Antwerp. At last, the allies can finally move on towards the German frontier, but just as they begin to do so the weather changed. Autumn rain turned the battlefield into a swamp, and again the allied advance had to stop. The final defeat of Germany would have to wait until the spring. Battle of the Bulge
But as the allies were digging in waiting for the winter to pass, Hitler was planning is final desperate gamble, it would be the last major German offensive in the war. It would force the German war machine to use up what's left of its fuel, but if it paid off, it might even give Germany a better chance in the war. Hitler’s plan was to burst through the allied line in the Ardennes hills, and head straight for Antwerp and retake it, if he could do that, it would disrupt allied cargo and put them to a halt, and maybe might force the allies to sue for peace.
On the 16th of December, Hitler struck back. Tanks, vehicles, half tracks, and what was the final reserves of troops for Germany pushed through the allied line. The Americans and Columbians were taken completely by surprise. It was mostly the Americans who took the brunt of the battle, there was chaos and confusion initially. But then the Americans re-organized themselves and struck back. There was fierce resistance on the northern part of the offensive near the Elsenborn Ridge and in the south around Bastogne, which blocked German access to key roads to the northwest and west which they counted on in order to succeed. Columns and Armor of infantry who were supposed to be advancing along parallel routes found themselves on the same road. This and terrain that favored the defenders threw the Germans advance behind schedule, giving the Americans time to bring in supplies and reinforcements. Then later, improved weather conditions permitted allied air force to attack German ground forces and supply lines which sealed the failure of the offensive. In the wake of the battle, the German army was left severely depleted of men and equipment, and it ended Germany’s ability to wage an offensive battle for the duration of the war. Pacific Theater
Allies Pushing Back
By the start of July 1944, Commonwealth forces in Southeast Asia had repelled the Japanese sieges in Assam, pushing the Japanese back to the Chindwin River while the Chinese captured Myitkyina. In September 1944, Chinese force captured the Mount Song to reopen the Burma Road. In China, the Japanese had more successes, having finally captured Changsha in mid-June and the city of Hengyang by early August. Soon after, they invaded the province of Guangxi, winning major engagements against Chinese forces at Guilin and Liuzhou by the end of November and successfully linking up their forces in China and Indochina by mid-December.
In the Pacific, American and Columbian forces continued to press back the Japanese perimeter. In mid-June 1944, the Americans began their offensive against the Mariana and Palau islands, and, along with their Columbian allies, decisively defeated Japanese forces in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. These defeats led to the resignation of the Japanese Prime Minister, Hideki Tojo, and provided the United States and Columbian States with air bases to launch intensive heavy bomber attacks on the Japanese home islands.
Meanwhile in the Island of New Guinea, The Columbian forces were beginning to move further inland to drive the Japanese forces out of the jungle and destroy their ability to wage war there in conjunction with the American offensive to retake the Philippines thus also contributing to General Macarthur promise he made earlier “I shall return,” and further put a dent in the Japanese Empire.
Meanwhile in the Island of New Guinea , Columbian-led allied forces, which were commanded by Columbian General Julius Wayland who was as enthusiastic as his American counterpart Macarthur, began plotting a massive offensive to re-take the rest of the Island from the Japanese. In October, the Columbians began pushing the Japanese back further across the Island encounter ever stiffer resistance, they were also followed by their Australian allies. The Columbians were also shocked at the amount of Banzai charges the Japanese would mount in a desperate effort to push the Columbians back, but well placed machine gun positions shred them apart. The Japanese were eventually pushed to the town of Kaimana where the Japanese mounted a desperate defense. Before the Columbians could move in, they weakened the Japanese defenses via air attacks. Bombers, gunships, fighters all contributed in putting a dent in the last patch of Japanese imperial forces in the Island of New Guinea. The Columbian forces with their brand new and large MBT-34 Battle tanks, the first one ever with 105mm guns, moved in. It took another week to sweep out the remaining Japanese resistance. Finally on November of 1944, the Japanese surrendered. The Island of New Guinea had been liberated by the Columbians, but it also came at a horrendous cost of military and civilian lives.
In the Philippines, American forces invaded the Filipino island of Leyte; soon after, Allied naval forces scored another large victory in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history. The Naval battle in both Islands destroyed the last remnants of the once proud Imperial Japanese Navy. The American and Columbian Navies were quickly becoming the largest and most powerful in the world at rates the Japanese can’t match, there seemed little to no hope in repelling their onslaught. After New Guinea and the Philippines were retaken by the allies, the navies of the two nations began targeting the Japanese merchant fleet containing food, fuel, raw materials. The Submarines of both fleets sunk so much, that they began to run out of targets. The Americans had the Gato, Balao, and Tench class submarines, the Columbians had the Pluto, Equator, and Shark class submarines with the Shark being the largest. It was over 450 feet long with a beam of 60 feet, it was the largest submarine class in the world surpassing even the largest Japanese I-400 submarines. Not only was the submarine large, it was also very modern for its time. The hull of the sub was very aerodynamic which made it ideal for travelling underwater. Its size also made it possible for it to carry more than enough torpedoes to sink merchant ships. For the next few months Japan was being starved into near defeat. The Americans and Columbians had succeeded in the Pacific, where the Germans had failed in the Atlantic, to bring an island nation to near defeat. But the Japanese were refusing to surrender, and it looks as though the Americans and Columbians would have to invade Japan in order to achieve victory in the Pacific, which is something they dread after experiencing the horrors of the Island hopping campaign, the New Guinea campaign, and the Philippines. An alternative solution had to be found. Bombing of Japan
The another solution than by sea was by air. The twin nations partook in bombing the Japanese cities, towns and villages. Both air forces believed that targeting the industrial complex of Japan would end their ability to wage war. The Americans introduced the B-29 Superfortress which did 65% of the bombing, but then they later introduced in late 1944-45 large Convair B-36 Peacemaker. This large six engine bomber was almost twice the size of the Superfortress, at 162 feet long and a 230 foot wingspan. It had a much higher service ceiling than the Superfortress, which further weakened Japan’s ability to defend its homeland considering most of their air planes don’t reach that high.
The Columbians also had their D-30 Avenger which was the four engine counterpart of the Superfortress capable of carrying more bombs than other bombers in its arsenal, then they also introduced a six engine bomber the D-38 Titan, at 170 feet long with a 240 foot wingspan it is the largest flying bomber in the world with the Peacemaker being the second largest. January 1945 after taking the Chinese Island of Taiwan from the Japanese, and armed with the ultra advanced bombers, the Americans and Columbians began their firebombing campaign on the cities of Japan, mostly concentrated at Tokyo.
But for all their advancements, there were some problems for the four bombers. By flying so high, it meant the Japanese fighters couldn’t reach them, but it also meant that bombing would be inaccurate. Strong winds would push the bombs off targets. The Solution would be to fly lower, but that would make the bombers dangerously exposed to Japanese fighters. Which meant that the Allies needed island bases to house their long range fighters ever closer to Japan. Iwo Jima would be one of those island bases. It was here were one of the most famous and iconic American pictures were taken, the rising of the American flag on Iwo Jima.
As the Americans took Iwo Jima, the Columbians sailed for an Archipelago a few more miles up north from Iwo. The archipelago contained three islands named Chichi-Jima, Anijima, and Ototojima. After taking these islands, the Americans and Columbians can use their Mustang and Stallion fighters to escort the large bombers to their targets and back.
The Firestorms created by the bombings in Tokyo were devastating, the flimsy wooden homes stood no chance, windows were melting. The flight crew from the bombers would report seeing people burned alive. The glow of the fire from Tokyo could be seen from 150 miles away, an eerie sight for the bomber crews. But taking these islands came at a cost. In Iwo Jima there were 20,000 Japanese defenders, over at Chichi Jima and the other two, there around the same amount. 90% of the defenders were killed, up to 200 for each surrendered and others were missing. At Iwo Jima, the Americans suffered up to 26000 casualties whereas the Columbians suffered up to 22000. The taking of these two islands, which were Japanese territory, would be a sobering reminder of what was to come.
But, out of all the bombings, Japan showed now sign of breaking. For the Allies, it looks as though a full scale invasion of Japan is inevitable. This led to the Joint American-Columbian invasion of Okinawa, and use it as a jumping off point for the Invasion of Japan. The Battle of Okinawa would go on to be one of the bloodiest battles in the Pacific Theater of WWII.